Your Mindset is the moulding block of your physiological being and future.

It has been a while ever since I dropped my ink for some emotional and psychological reasons but as the popular Ghanaian's community saying goes, the downfall of a man is never the end of this life, in bouncing back to my passion, I would want to share with my dear readers a piece which I have entitled " Your mindset is the moulding block of your physiological being and future ".

In my experience and research, I have come across many writers who laced their words on motivational thoughts of which most of them in their messages try in building the self conference ,perseverance and determination level of their readers and on that, I got to realized for myself that, the whole secret behind every successful person lies on two key words which I termed as The Determinants of Future. The first key word is Determination and the second word is Mindset. I will first want to torch on the Mindset and deal with the Determination in my subsequent piece to come.

With the issue of the Mindset, in simplicity means your future lies in your Mindset. One other thing I have realized is that, the mind has never ceased a minute from working although I used to believe what my grandmother told me some years ago that your Mind rest or stop working when you are asleep I wish it was today, I would have asked my grandmother a simply question which is, if it is indeed true then why is it that when you sleep and had a dream, you are able to recall vividly whatever transpired in the dream? You see, the point is, you may failed to put the thoughts from your mind into coherent and judicious use and working hard towards it but that doesn't mean you don't have great mind because the controller of your physical body is the Mindset.

Henry Ford once said, "whether you think you can or you can't either way you are right" hence to live and enjoy the future you desire to see yourself can never be attained if you cannot see it for yourself today in your mind's eye. In the quest to become one of the icon in the society, try as much as possible to see yourself to be the person you admire and desire to be, work hard towards it and I assure you will certainly become that person one day. The obligation therefore lies with you to decide what you want. Believe you can have it. Believe you deserve it. Believe it is possible for you. Close your eyes everyday for several minutes and visualize having what you want. Feel it. Believe it is already yours and finally don't forget to pray over it. That is what I termed as The Psychological Block for Physiological Development.

In the biblical context, Proverbs 23:7, of the Bible says, " As man thinketh in his heart, so he is" the big secret is in your thoughts to backed this point, one Buddha ever sighted that, " all that we are is the result of what we have thought. It is founded on our thoughts and made up of our thoughts " my dear reader I want you to use a minute to take a logical review of your life today. Are you the person you thought of becoming some days or years back? What was the strategy you used in your quest to becoming that person you desire to be? Has the strategy work for you? If your answer is No, one thing I would want you to know is that no matter how best your strategy may be it still requires a lot of effort to ensure that your chosen strategy achieved the result you expected and all this depends on the Mindset.

One brothers of mine Joseph Ziekye ever told me that, "where there is a vision, there is a provision". And after the conversation, I keep asking myself a question that, where would the provision come from? Is it going to come from within me or someone else? But with the little experience that I have had from my interaction with people, I got to know that indeed I have great values in me just that, I have failed at many times to realize those values and that is my problem, yours may also be the same or similar to mine but today, I want you to know that everything we do is from the mind so change your Mindset today and it will change your entire life, your future and your destiny but remember to keep most of your plans to yourself that is the secret because not everyone you associate with want your success.

I would like to conclude by eating the words of one popular Ghanaian motivational speaker Emmanuel Dei-Tumi " we are in the era of mind power not man power. Developed your mind".

By: Yaro D. Clifford

Tel: 0201563016

www.yarodclifford@gmail.com

THE PEOPLE OF KULMASA CELEBRATES MR. ABDULAI B. KASSIM

In times when unemployment is on the rise, the efforts of any individual to reduce this unspeakable act cannot be overlooked. It is based on this assertion the people of Kulmasa cannot hide their joy for a son, brother, uncle, father, grandfather etc who has the society at heart and contributing significantly to the development of his community, district, region and Ghana at large. It is largely argued that most rich people do not give back to the society after their service to the nation is over, well Mr Kassim has made the story different. Read with me to know how this man has made the story different.

Mr Kassim is a 64-year-old man who have been very successful in life by reckoned of his hard work. He is a retired banker who has been in the banking industry for close to 34 years. After his retirement he could have stayed elsewhere but because of his love for society and his desire to make the world a better living place for others, he came back to his village where he was born and groomed to share with his people the little he has acquired. Most people cannot hide their joy and happiness whenever his name is mentioned. For the people of Kulmasa and its environs, alone this man would have been the first gentleman of mother Ghana because even with the little he has, he have proven his worth.

A year after his retirement he returned to his hometown to set up a water purification factory (pure water ) in the community of which he has employed several of our youth who were idling and becoming a burden on the society. He has also renovated an abandoned classroom which has been well furnished and stuffed with books for the community Junior High School. He did not stop there recently an NGO donated a number of computers to the community school at the district capital and he bore the transportation cost and the renovation of the computer laboratory for the installation of the computers. Again he has been helping to pay the school fees for people who would have terminated their education because of financial constraints. Due to his reputation and dignity in the banking industry he has also helped few people to acquire jobs in the sector. You can mention and mention a junk of societal problems this man has helped solved and will never get finished.

On personal basis you cannot count the number of people he has helped in their weddings, naming ceremonies, funerals ect. Just mention the personal pressing needs of our people that have been solved and he has a hand in it. He also ensures that workers posted to the community have the greatest hospitality and a conducive environment to work and stay comfortable for their stay. Also as part of his kind nature part of his "pure water factory " has been mechanised as borehole as a source of portable water for the community use. This has brought relief on many women who use to walked long distances for water and also reduce the pressure on our two boreholes. I call him a one-man crusader towards developing the society and the country. He is indeed following the principle of been the change you want to see in the society.

These are the kind of inspiring people we need in our communities to bring the change our society needs not politicians who only comes around for campaign after which the only person you get to speak to at his office is his secretary. My people lets wising up, lets stand for our rights and desist from dirty and politics of deceit. I also want to use this opportunity to create the indulgence of our youth to join hands and educate our parents that a bag of rice, a pack of Maggi, a pack of tea from a politician cannot bring us portable water, cannot bring us quality health services, cannot bring us good roads, cannot bring us quality education and that we won't vote for such politician because they are tempering with our future now and generations to come. It is often said that a society that does not celebrates its heroes is not worth dying for. Is on this note the people of Kulmasa and its environs cannot hide their joy but express their gratitude to you for your numerous developmental projects that have helped reduce unemployment, send children back to school, provide us with portable drinking water, ensure quality education etc.

We are indeed grateful and may the good Lord replenish all that you have lost in your quest to making the society a better living place for others. Also other few well-meaning people have also contributed their quota to the development of our community we say a big thank you. We also thank those who still intend to cultivate the habit of giving back to the society, because is the only way we can develop as a community, district and a nation at large and not through politicians who have nothing to offer than bags of rice and sugar. Abraham Lincoln once said that "you cannot escape the responsibility of tomorrow by evading it today. " Yes, it is our responsibility to develop our community lets face it today or never.

God bless Kulmasa, bless Sawla-Tuna-Kalba district, and bless our homeland Ghana.

WAHIDU SAAKA
0540515390
Saakawahid29@gmail com.

The Unprecedented Orientation Of Lambussie Constituency NDC Branch Executives

The constituency executives of the Lambussie Constituency organised their maiden and unprecedented capacity building orientation for their branch executives. It was a well organised and power packed programme spearheaded by their dynamic and indefatigable youth organiser, Mr. Alipo, and the communication officer, under the theme: "The role of the Youth wing in rejuvenating the grassroots for speedy re-organisational process of the party. Operation heal all the wounds, cement all the cracks and be solid for victory 2020".

The programme which was held at the premises of the constituency chairman was well patronised by the branch executives, constituency executives, regional executives, the member of parliament and some other well meaning comrades. Indeed, the programme served as a projector that magnified their unflinching quest to recapturing power come 2020. It was organised with the core aim of fortifying, rejuvenating and equipping the constituency executives with the necessary skills in preparation for victory in the 2020 election.

The constituency youth commander, Mr. Alipo, briefing the audience on the purpose of the programme stated that the programme was the first of it kind so far. "This programme is the first ever being organised in the constituency. We organised it at this particular time to properly equip, fortify, rejuvenate and strengthen our branch executives to start championing the crusade of operation win hands down". He added, "this orientation will equip us with the necessary skills and some technical techniques that will automatically strengthen us and make our work towards the 2020 election simpler and easier. This will safe us from the convenient game theory of political deception from this substandard government ".

The first speaker, Mr. Prosper Puoire, the vociferous and dynamic Upper West NDC Communication Officer, spoke on the topic, "Equipping the youth with the requisite skills and aptitude to enable them participate actively in healing the wounds and cementing the cracks as part of the re-organisation process". He painstakingly took the audience through the enviable ideological orientation of the NDC. He further entreated those on social media to share the current happenings in this government with all party members at the branch level. "I plead with those of you on social media to update all our party members at the branch level, the current happenings in this government so that our people will be abreast with issues. This will enable them to communicate effectively to the people in and around the constituency. When this is done Ghanaians will not be deceived again". He said, "at any level you are speaking, the people look at where you are saying what you are telling them. They look at the personality doing the talking, that is who is communicating? And finally, what at all are you communicating to them"? Mr. Prosper vehemently stated "these are the basic things people look out from you executives".

Again, the regional communication officer charged the executives to start organising branch meetings if they have not started. He said, "you have to start holding branch meetings with our people at the branch levels if you have not started. It is very significant to meet often and discuss few things about the forward movement of the party. It is not only the duties of the constituency or regional executives to call meetings at the branch levels. We have to put aside personal issues and benefit greatly from the branch meetings. We must be hospitable not only to our comrades but also to non-comrades so that we can win more souls for NDC. This is the time. Our elders do say that slow runners begin running early, that they may reach the middle of their journey before the fast runners start their journey".

Mr. Prosper Puoire further admonished executives to be vigilant with hearsay because hypocrites are many. He said, "the NDC parliamentary elections will be coming off soon. We have to be very careful with hearsay. The hypocrites and hearsay at all levels are likely to take the center stage in our party in a no distant time as we journey towards this crucial exercise. Let us play crucial roles in electing credible and winnable flagbearer and parliamentary candidates".

The second speaker, the gallant and humble Regional Youth Organiser, Mr. Nicodemus Dery, spoke on the topic, "Conscientising the youth in social democracy ". He told the audience that each and everyone has a sacrosanct responsibility to ensuring victory come 2020, but the sacrosanctity of that collective effort can only be manifested if we ourselves make up our minds. He said, "each of us has a responsibility, our responsibilities are not to blame one another but to work for victory. We have to work so that we all will benefit from the party's development when we come to power. Anybody who fails to work will not benefit when we win. No contribution, no chop. He went further to ask a rhetorical question, "how are we re-organising ourselves to win the 2020 election?

He charged the youth to prepare themselves for the 2020 election. "We the Youth must get prepared to police the ballot boxes in the 2020 election. We will not sit down and allow the NPP and its invisible forces to hijack the electoral processes. We must not remain in opposition after the 2020 election. We will win the election but it all depends on us".

Commander Sylvester Bawilse Boyuo who is a former police commander took members through the topic, "Conscientizing the youth towards protecting the ballot box,
Presidential and parliamentary election 2020; the role of the NDC youth wing of Lambussie constituency". He said that the youth are the strong pillars in every vibrant political party. The victory of any party depends largely on the youth wing. One major key role the youth play is protecting the ballot box as polling agents or party agents during elections. He said that the constitution has given room for every presidential or parliamentary candidate to present agents to guard their boxes. It is the youth who have the strength and are also on the ground, so they know the nitty-gritty of the constituency, hence the need for them to be engaged in this regard. Commamander Sylvester Boyuo having taken the audience through the electoral processes, called on the youth to avail themselves for the protection of the ballot boxes in the 2020 election. He added that lack of party agents and less commitment displayed by some of the polling agents were some of the contributory factors to the party's defeat in the 2016 election.

The regional women organiser also charged the women to play active roles in the activities as the party tightens its belt to recapture power. She said, "we, women are numerically stronger than the men yet we don't see you in your numbers playing key roles in re-organising the party. We have lots of associations and women groups, let's use those groups to win more souls for our party. She concluded by challenging the women, "those of you women who will be able to win five new souls for NDC will be rewarded greatly".

The Regional Organiser, Hon. Nuhu Putiaha, represented the regional chairman, Mr. Bunas as he is famously called. In his speech delivered by Hon. Nuhu Putiaha, he commended the Lambussie Constituency Executives for their proactiveness. He said, "it has not been long when we were elected but this is the fourth time we are here for power packed programmes of great magnitude. This constituency has been the pace setter in the region. They chart the path for others to emulate. That is highly commendable.

"Again, chairman Bunas ask me to tell you that the NDC presidential and parliamentary elections will be coming off very soon, so we must not allow the love for our candidates to degenerate into a deep seated cracks among us. We have to be circumspect in our utterances so that we can still work together as a party after the primaries".
Finally, the member of parliament of the constituency, Hon. Edward Dery, added that the other executives should also try their best possible to win at least five new souls for the party to enable the party win the 2020 election.

derbieraphael@yahoo.com
0240371356

Nandom Constituents Lauded Dr Richard Kuuire

It was a soothing, refreshing and scintillating atmosphere when the 2016 NDC Parliamentary Candidate for Nandom and his entourage got to the grounds where he sunk three boreholes. All the grounds were Characterised by exhilaration, joy, smiles inter alia.

Men, women and children across the communities were seen gathered at these villages waiting for Dr Kuuire. As excited as they were, it was practically impossible for these people to stand mute amidst the happiness that engulfed them. The grounds were charged with singing and dancing and that became the hallmark of the gatherings in the above communities. I must confess that our women are very creative in composing songs. Varieties of danceable local songs were composed and sang using the name of Dr Richard Kuuire. A classical examples are Kuuire is the saviour of Nandom, Kuuire (Kuuire ni a Nandom faare), come early and prepare the grounds (Dang waa wa maali azie), Thank God we have gotten His blessing (Barikaa Pupieeloo ti nye Naawmin maaloo...) and many more.

It must be stated that the gatherings was without any political colouration since the event was non-partisan. The people gathered are those who have been praying to God for portable water for a long period of time. Indeed, they struggled for portable water for such long time. They either travel long distances to fetch water from a borehole or they compete with their animals for water in either the dams or the river side.

The NDC 2016 parliamentary candidate for Nandom Constituency, Dr Richard Kuuire, who was touched by the plight of these people during his interactions with them in his bit to represent them in parliament, swiftly and positively reacted to their cry by putting smiles on their faces. This, he did by digging and mechanising three boreholes in each of the communities. These communities are Vapuo, Tome Zedaagang and Piiri Follow. You can now reason with them, over their loud celebration and exhilaration.

When the people were given the chance to express their feelings, there was one statement that was very loud and clear in all the speeches they delivered. That was, "thank you Dr Kuuire". The statement, water is life, was echoed and re-echoed at these three villages coupled with an indescribable expression of their sincerest appreciation to Dr Kuuire for his milestone magnanimity. This was what the people said, "water crisis has been an age-old problem in this community. We have prayed earnestly to God for this and today He has answered our prayer through Dr Kuuire. We have nothing to say than to thank God and Dr Richard Kuuire for this kind gesture".

Dr Richard Kuuire in his speech, acknowledged the contributions of friends outside this country who made it possible for him to achieve this milestone success. "I was able to sink these boreholes with support from some friends who are not Ghanaians. I am grateful to them and hope they will continue to support the people of Nandom in other areas of need". He admonished the people to take very good care of the boreholes so that they don't breakdown anytime soon. "I will plead with the chiefs and the committee to take very good care of these boreholes so that they don't breakdown anytime soon". He quickly added that the boreholes are for all members of the communities hence nobody should be discriminated upon. "I present the boreholes to the chiefs and the entire communities members so I urge you not to discriminate against anybody on any grounds". These statements attracted very loud and prolong clap from the crowd.

He used the event to tell the people the number of boreholes he dug for the good people of Nandom after his narrow lost in the 2016 general elections. "These three boreholes increased the number of boreholes I sunk and mechanised to nine (9) after I lost the 2016 parliamentary elections". This reminds me of what some people said about him sometime ago, that Dr Richard Kuuire is one of those when giving out something with his right hand, doesn't stretch out his left hand in anticipation of something. Dr Richard Kuuire told the people that he commissioned thirty-eight boreholes before the 2016 elections. This presupposes that he has not stopped his good works after he lost the election.

Dr Richard Kuuire again used the occasion to inform the people his decision to contest the coming NDC parliamentary race as well as the race for the member of parliament for Nandom Constituency. He promised the people his unflinching quest to contributing wholeheartedly to the development of Nandom which resultant effect will automatically be the transformation of the lives of Nandome.

Derbie Raphael
derbieraphael@yahoo.com
0240371356

The 2016 NDC Parliamentary Candidate For Nandom Constituency, Dr. Richard Kuuire, Has Done It Again.

The 2016 NDC parliamentary candidate for Nandom constituency, Dr. Richard Kuuire, has not relented in his quest to salvage the good people of Nandom from water crisis, water related diseases and more importantly, the competition between them and their animals over water. Water, they say is life. This implicitly shows that this loyal and illustrious son of Nandom has realistically and wholeheartedly wants the life-span of his people to be extended.

Dr. Richard Kuuire who narrowly lost the 2016 parliamentary race for Nandom constituency remains committed to serving his people as a way of giving back to society, what society has given him. He has religiously demonstrated in deeds and words deep and profound love for his people. This affection is eternal and without prejudice or discrimination.

Typical of some people, many thought that this selfless servant of Nandom was going to neglect the plight of the good people of Nandom as others across the length and breadth of the country do, but Dr. Richard Kuuire proved them wrong by his continuous delivery of safe drinking water to "Nandome".

As further prove of his service, on Wednesday, 19tg December, 2018, Dr. Richard Kuuire has commissioned another three different newly sunk boreholes, one at Vapuo, one at Tome Zendaagang and the last one at Piiri Gbollo. This has added to increase the number of boreholes, sunk and mechanised to nine (9) boreholes since he lost the parliamentary elections in 2016. parliamentary race. What is more of a commitment than this? This is indeed a loyal son of the land who holds in high esteem the health of his people. His commitment to providing drinkable water to "Nandome" is in line with the saying that sound minds reside in healthy bodies.

As frank as he is, Dr. Richard Kuuire used the occasion to declare his intention to contest for the pending NDC parliamentary race and the member of parliament for the Nandom constituency.

This hardworking son of Nandom has dug thirty-eight (38) boreholes across the length and breadth of the Nandom constituency before the 2016 election. He did that after women and men cried to him during his tour of the constituency to seek the mandate of the people to represent them in parliament. Albeit his narrow defeat, he still remains unrelenting to providing drinkable water for all those who cried to him during his tour.

Dr. Richard Kuuire is not only providing water to his constituents but also helps in human resource development. This, he does by assisting the young once to furthering their education. He also assists them to put food on tables for their families.

In fact, we can not imagine the level of development Nandom will experience under the leadership of Dr Richard Kuuire.
We can foresee a bright and prosperous future for Nandom with this dedicated, experienced and service oriented servant, Dr Richard Kuuire, a true God sent saviour, at the helm as Member of Parliament of Nandom Constituency.

derbieraphael@yahoo.com

0240371356

Nandom Deputy Youth Organiser

Yakubu Abdul Rahaman

0543637673

Nandom Constituency Communication Officer.

INDISCRIMINATE POLYTHENE BAGS DISPOSAL A BLIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA

Over the years there have been numerous and unending public education and awareness about the effects of poor sanitation, despite these efforts it seems living in dirt has become a norm for most Ghanaians. Polythene/plastic bags and sachet water have become our friend and worst enemy in this country. Cities, towns and villages have become areas full of polythene bags and water sachets due to the indiscriminate disposal by inhabitants of the country.

Many Ghanaians are of the view that cleaning our surroundings is solely the responsibility of Zoomlion, as a result we throw polythene bags anyhow. People sit in vehicles and throw these bags on the street without thinking about the effects. It has also become a tradition in Ghana that groceries bought should be placed in a polythene or plastic bag no matter how small the item is, these bags later become waste in our various homes.

Are we going to develop as a nation if we keep on doing this? Will we be able to achieve the sixth goal of the Sustainable Development Goals which is “having clean water and sanitation” with this negative mentality? Former President Jerry John Rawlings once said “If we do not improve our sanitation habits we will never develop. There will be new street lights, roads and drains but we will dump refuse in the new drains and slow our development”.

Do we really think about the effects of poor sanitation; diseases outbreak, flooding among others? According to World Health Organization “a child dies every minute from malaria which is caused by mosquitoes that breed and multiply in filthy environment”. Do we always have to blame the Government when there is flooding, while we are mostly the main cause of flooding by getting our drainage systems choked with plastic bags and water sachets.

Always solutions given about solving sanitation issues are Government, MMDAs and other stakeholders providing bins, enforcing laws, creating awareness, clean up exercises among others. These solutions will never solve our poor sanitation issues with our negative mentality of indiscriminately disposing plastic bags.

Can our nation be free of plastic bags like Rwanda and other countries? Do we really feel comfortable nicely dressed and walking around a filthy environment? Ghana will remain seventh or even move up as the dirtiest country in the world if there is no substantial progress of us changing our negative attitude towards the use and disposal of polythene bags and water sachets.

By: Adu Mensah Kwaku Jnr

adumensah20@gmail.com

0203998279

DO WE NEED A NATIONAL POLICY TO DEVELOP Statement By: IDDI MOHAMMED – HAFEEZ

An Hon.member of the Majority Caucus of the STUDENTS’ PARLIAMENT OF GHANA
UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA – KUMASI CAMPUS HOUSE laid a statement in floor of the house at the 4th Sitting of the 12th Parliament, questioning
"DO WE NEED A NATIONAL POLICY TO DEVELOP?"

Below is the full statement presented in the house

STUDENTS’ PARLIAMENT OF GHANA
UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA – KUMASI CAMPUS HOUSE

Statement By: IDDI MOHAMMED – HAFEEZ
1 November, 2018.

Madam speaker, it gratify my heart to stand before the Honorable house to deliver a statement on development of our country by enacting a national policy, do we need that?

OUR NATION

Madam speaker, with your permission my statement is based on three areas and I call them the three pillars. The first pillar is our nation, Ghana is a country of different tribe, kingdoms, culture and believes. This country need to come together as one nation, an American is an American, a Ghanaian should also be a Ghanaian regardless of which part of the country the person is coming from. The first step to nation building is to co – exist with each other and stop labeling each other as this tribe and that tribe, we are the future generation of this country and we should set the pace.
Our chiefs, stakeholders and opinion leaders of this country should come together to push our country forward, they should help to bring a short and a long term policy for the country. Our children and grandchildren should come and benefit on our hard work. If we come together as a nation then we can get a national policy, our chiefs need to strive towards unity and nation building.

Dr. KWAME NKRUMAH

Madam speaker, the second pillar has to do with the resurrection of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. This man fought and gain independence for our country, he happens to be the first president of our country Ghana, he laid down a foundation and we refuse to build on it, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah’s resurrection is not the body but his vision for this country, his policies and projects he left for this country.

Madam speaker, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah’s industrial policy for this country has touched my heart, he mentioned this policy in his last address to parliament on 1 February, 1966 before his overthrown.
“technical education is progressing steadily. Already a technical Teacher Training college has been built at Kumasi to train teachers; it is expected within five years this college will have trained an adequate number of technical teachers for our polytechnics, technical institutes and training centers. A third Government secondary technical school was opened in Obuasi in November last year and a fourth one under construction at Koforidua is near completion.
While higher education advances on a broad front. I have directed that emphasis be laid on education in science and technology with view to Ghana producing in the shortest possible time not only the administrators and managers required to implement our development programmers, but also the Scientist, Technologist and technicians needed in industry and agriculture,
At the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, the former faculty of Science has been reconstituted into two faculties, namely the faculty of Applied Science and the faculty of Technology. In the faculty of Applied Science courses in Metrology, Nuclear Physics and Applied Bio-chemistry have been introduced, while courses in Chemical and textiles Technology and Glassware are planned for the faculty of Technology”. The NLC halted this policy, Ghana lies at the heart of a region which has been leading sub-Saharan African culture since the first millenium BC in metal-working mining, sculpture and agriculture. Chemical Technology was retained in the faculty of Science until 1976 when moved to the faculty of engineering.

Madam speaker, the National Liberation Council (NLC) led the Ghanaian government from 24 February 1966 to 1 October 1969. The body emerged from a violent coup d'état (Ghana's first) against the civilian government led by Kwame Nkrumah. The Ghana Police Service and Ghana Armed Forces carried out the coup jointly, with collaboration from the Ghana Civil Service. It is alleged that the plotters were well connected with the governments of Britain (under PM Harold Wilson) and the United States (then under Lyndon B. Johnson), who some believe approved of the coup because Nkrumah challenged their political and economic ambitions in Africa.

The new government implemented structural adjustment policies recommended by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank. Money in the national budget shifted away from agriculture and industrialization towards the military. National enterprises, property, and capital were privatized or abandoned. Whereas Nkrumah had condemned the development projects of multinational corporations as signs of neocolonialism, the NLC allowed foreign conglomerates to operate on extremely favorable terms. The Ghanaian cedi was devalued by 30%. These economic changes did not succeed in reducing the country's debt or in increasing the ratio of exports to imports.

The National Liberation Council regime won support from powerful groups in Ghanaian society: local chiefs, intelligentsia, and business leaders, as well as the expanding military and police forces. However, its policies of economic austerity were not beloved of workers at large, who suffered from increasing unemployment and repression of strikes. In 1969 the regime underwent a carefully managed transition to civilian rule. Elections held on 29 August 1969 thus inaugurated a new government led by the NLC's chosen successor: the Progress Party of Kofi Abrefa Busia. The NLC brought Ghana where we are now.

POLITICAL SYSTEM

Madam speaker, the third pillar is our political system, it seems we do not understand the meaning of politics, we are practicing democracy very well but politics is a different story. Poli' in Latin means 'many' and 'tics' means 'bloodsucking creatures'.
Political highlights
1957 - independence, Nkrumah of CPP is PM, 2 key parties
1960 - declared republic, one party system, presidential system
1966 - military overthrow of 1st republic
1969 - 2nd republic, Busia of PP is PM, 2 key parties
1972 - military overthrow of 2nd republic
1978 - palace coup to restructure military government
1979 - junior officer uprising and military housecleaning
1979 - ushered third republic, Limann of PNP is President, 3 parties
1981 - overthrow of the constitutional PNP gov't by the PNDC military junta
1983 - Attempted overthrow of the PNDC junta by other junior army men 1992 - Rawlings of NDC is Dem elected as President, 2 parties **
1996 - Rawlings of NDC is re-elected, 2 parties
2001 - Kuffour (NPP) is President

2005 - Kufuor begins second-term in office
2009 – Atta mills (NDC) is President
2013 – John Mahama (NDC) is President
2017 – Akuffu Addo (NPP) is President
Summary: multiparty system 29 years
military system 21 years
one party system 6 years.

Madam speaker, the presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Ghana is the head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. The seat of government is at Golden Jubilee House. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and Parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
The constitution that established the Fourth Republic provided a basic charter for republican democratic government. It declares Ghana to be a unitary republic with sovereignty residing in the Ghanaian people. Intended to prevent future coups, dictatorial government, and one-party states, it is designed to establish the concept of power sharing. The document reflects lessons learned from the abrogated constitutions of 1957, 1960, 69, and 1979, and incorporates provisions and institutions drawn from British and American constitutional models. One controversial provision of the Constitution indemnifies members and appointees of the Provisional National Defense Council (PNDC) from liability for any official act or omission during the years of PNDC rule. The Constitution calls for a system of checks and balances, with power shared between a president, a unicameral parliament, a council of state, and an independent judiciary.
Executive authority is established in the Office of the Presidency, together with his Council of State. The president is head of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces. He also appoints the vice president. According to the Constitution, more than half of the presidentially appointed ministers of state must be appointed from among members of Parliament.

CONCLUSION

Madam speaker, in conclusion the national policy of this country is well needed, we need to continue from where we begin. The industrial sector can be our savior, as a country we do not produce and how should our cedi appreciate against the dollar. Our chiefs can stand up against these political leaders as they did against Nkrumah in collaboration with the National Liberation Council.

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THE FUTURE OF GHANA IN TATTERED HOPE. A statement presented by Hon. WAHIDU SAAKA

A member of the Minority Caucus of the Students' Parliament of Ghana, University of Education, Winneba, Kumasi Campus- House in his statement laid on thefloor of the 4th Sitting of the 12th Parliament " The selfish desires of citizens is gradually affecting this country negatively."

Enjoy the full statement below.

THE FUTURE OF GHANA IN TATTERED HOPE

Ghanaians were generally noted as friendly, faithful, kind, hospitable, patient, God fearing and peace loving country. People loved to visit this country just to enjoy peace and our hospitality. Suddenly, today evolving Ghanaians have turned things to a totally different and opposite to what was happening in the past. The proud, happy and peace loving Ghana has been replaced with a corrupt, bitter and violent one. I have no idea where we can pick the pieces of the past from.

During the struggle for independence, our great leaders who fought with all their might to get us freedom, meant well for our growth, development and survival as a nation. However, we cannot say with certainty that this hope entrusted in us at independence has been well guided, cherished, managed and sustained today.

A true Ghanaian is one who is willing to die for his/her country. When many Ghanaians are confronted with the questions of been truthful, positive and encouraging answers are given, but the fact is not a single soul is ready to die for this country. I mean who and who enjoys after his/her demise? The selfish desires of citizens is gradually affecting this country negatively. This is not the Kwame Nkrumah Ghana of then. He once said "The black man is capable of managing his own affairs ". Long before our opinion leaders instilled in the people a sense of hope, there was huge expectancy from the people and this was clearly manifested in the word's of our national pledge, which today many Ghanaians cannot even recite.

Over the past years, Ghana has been the envy of many African countries and the world at large. But in the 21st century Ghana, same cannot be said. We have deviated totally from all our positive values and behaviors and now been replaced with greed, corruption and wealth accumulating for personal benefits. Corruption, bribery and politics of deceit are bow the other of the day where you are not a considered a citizen once you are not affiliated to any political party.

Sadly, the fastest way one can become rich in today's Ghana is by being a politician, where Members of Parliament and Ministers of state turn billionaires overnight. Must we organised a funeral ceremony to mourn the death of common sense in our leaders? I guess that should be done and that could be the reason for our stagnation as far as development is concern. Ghana seriously needs a mental revolution to make solutions.

Ghana is where it is today because of the actions and in actions of our leaders coupled with the reluctant nature of citizens and the sense of bad politics which have eaten deeply into our moral fibers to the extent we attach politics even to developmental projects. Ghana is under developed because we have lost our ethics, integrity, respect for Laws and regulations, the love for work and to be productive, faithful and loyal which are the basics and secrets to every serious country that wants to develop and build a nation of togetherness and acceptance.

Whilst our leaders have failed to perform dear duties the evolving Ghanaian youth who are considered the future leaders of our their nation have not been different. The politician from where he/she is looking says the future of this country is bright. Hmm i don't see any brightness in the future of this country with this our current behaviors. As it will be chaotic, sinful, insecure and violent prove future. Just mention the negatives, and the youth are in the front lines as the people involved, we talk about political vigilante groups, armed robery,fraud, sakawa etcetera which have engulfed the state and fast becoming a national disaster are all championed by our so call future leaders.

We should be focused on been developed rather than been discovered, we are faced with the challenge of been faithful and truthful to our nation.

Despite all this unspeakable acts by our leaders, politicians and we us citizens, all is not lost if we are ready to change our characters, attitudes and mindset. Let's be citizens not spectators. As a nation, let's come together and unite as people with common sense of peace and development and we will be that envious and hospitable country we were once known for, now and for generations to come. Let's walk our talks, let's be true citizens, Ghanaians devoid of political colours and our integrity will be restored to normalcy. Self love and the zeal to be productive and develop are what we need as a nation. Not vigilante groups. Abraham Lincoln once said "Four score and seven years ago our father's brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are aqual. " I am a true and responsible Ghanaian who are you? The change start from you, it start from me, it starts from all of us.

By WAHIDU SAAKA
Phone 0540515390
E-mail Saakawahid29@gmail.com

The rotten nature of democratic politics and governance in Africa. Statement presented by Hon. Agoma Abengiba Simon

The Chief Whip of the Majority Caucus of STUDENTS’ PARLIAMENT OF GHANA
UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA
KUMASI CAMPUS HOUSE schooled the house on Democratic politics and governance in Africa in his statement laid on the floor of the house at the 4th Sitting of the 12th Parliament.

Below is full statement presented.

STUDENTS’ PARLIAMENT OF GHANA
UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION, WINNEBA
KUMASI CAMPUS HOUSE

Statement to be laid by the Majority Chief Whips to Students’ Parliament of Ghana, University of Education, Winneba-Kumasi Campus House for the 1st Sessions of the 4th Sitting of the 12th Parliament.
Agoma Abengiba Simon

TITLE OF STATEMENT
The rotten nature of democratic politics and governance in Africa

DATE
1st November, 2018
Tel: 0242- 35 72 69

SUMMARY
Definitions of key terms
Presidential and parliamentary systems
Features of presidential form of government
Parliamentary system
Features of parliamentary systems
Differences between parliamentary and presidential system of government
Essential characteristics of the presidential system of government
The rot in African leadership
Suggested ways by which African’s can strengthen their presidential system of government.

DEFINITION AS OF KEY TERMS
Democratic According to the Merriam web star dictionary: is a form of government in which the people choose leaders by voting.

Politics
According to the Merriam Webster dictionary is activities that relate to influencing the actions and polices of a government or getting and keeping power in a government.
Governance
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary is the what that a city, company or state is controlled by the people who run it.
Presidential and Parliamentary Systems
Presidential system by Wikipedia, A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that separate from the legislative branch. This head of government is in most cases also the head of state, which is called president.

Features of Presidential form at Government
The president is the real executives
The powers of the three (3) organs namely legislature, executive, and judiciary are separated and vested in different persons.
Though the three organs of the government are kept apart, they are also connected by the system of checks and balances.
The tenure of the president is fixed.
Parliamentary System by Wikipedia
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executives’ branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislature branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable, to that parliament. In a parliamentary system, the head of state is usually a person distinct from the head of government. This is contrast to a presidential system, where the head of state often is also the head of government and most importantly, the executive branch does not derive its democratic legitimacy from the legislature. Countries with parliamentary democracies may be constitutional monarchies, where a monarch is the head of state while the head of government is almost always a member of parliament.
Countries such as the United Kingdom, Denmark, Sweden and Japan or a parliamentary republic, where a mostly ceremonial president is the head of state while the head of government is regularly from the legislature such as Ireland, Germany, India and Italy.
In few parliamentary republics like Botswana, and South Africa among others, the head of government is also head of state, but is elected by and it’s answered to parliament.
Features of Parliamentary Systems
Legislature and executive are closely related and share powers with each other.
Cabinet is formed by the parliament and parliament is the superior organ.
There are two executives i.e. the elected president or king and the prime minister.
Cabinet is responsible before the legislature.

Differences between Parliamentary and Presidential Government
The major difference between these two systems is that in a presidential system, the executive leader, the president, is directly voted upon by the people through a body in charge of elections, specifically, for the purpose of electing the president, and no other purpose. While the executive leader of the parliamentary system, the prime minister, is elected form the legislature branch directly.

In the presidential system, it is more difficult to enact legislature, especially in the event that the president has different beliefs than the legislature body. The president only responds to the people. The legislature branch can’t really do anything to threaten the president. As a result, he can make it more difficult for the legislature body to do anything. Countries with the presidential system include:[Brazil, Benin, Mali, Sudan, Cameroon, Ghana and other 79 countries].

In the parliamentary system, if the parliament doesn’t like the prime minister, they can cast a vote of no confidence and replace him. This tends to make the executives leader subservient to the parliament. [Countries with the parliamentary system includes: [Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, etc.]

The bottom line is that, if you believe that government should have more checks and balance, and then a presidential system will give you that. Then if you believe that it should have the power to enact lower quickly, then you should go for a parliamentary system.

Essential Characteristics of the Presidential System
It is very important to ask about the characteristics of the presidential system. Numerous authors have dealt much in these topics, few of the like is;
Maurice Duverger [1950s to 1970s] stated that the presidential system is characterized by the principle of the separation of powers, presidential appointment and removal of ministers and if these appointees are not politically responsible to the parliament, and then there will be checks and balances.
Joseph La Palomar wrote that in the presidential system.
The president who is both the head of state and that of government is independent of the legislature branch and therefore does not depend much or continuously on this branch for his existence or survival.
The legislative and executive branches are independent the legislature is not obligated to approve the bills sent by the executives and the executive can veto bill from congress
The president has the power of appointing people to certain position.
The executives can appeal directly to the people through plebiscites and referendums
The legislature branch can judge and remove the president.
The president has the power of appointing his cabinet members, presenting bills and preparing the budget.
The people elect the president and expect him to be their leader.

3. Paul Maurice Gaud met [1960s -1970s] characterizes the presidential system as one in which;
The president brings together the integrity of the executive jurisdiction and is both the head of state and the head of government.
The heads of the ministerial offices solely depend on the presidential authority, which is why they are usually called ministers.
The principle of separation of power is strictly applied.
The president is not politically responsible before congress but he cannot dissolve it either.
All of these notable points are not observed in African presidential systems, much less in their pure form but establishing their principles serves to determine whether a system is presidential or parliamentary or whether it is predominantly presidential or vice versa.

The gap between African presidential systems from that of the original Latin British presidential system
In presidential system, that is the balance of power tends to be more transparent since it aims at defining the limits between the executives and legislature, In Africa the party for that matter the president is the sole bearer of these three branches using their discretionary powers. Branches, even though seem to a have collaborative alliance, also portray characteristics of none independence at the same time though there are exceptions.
The presidential system in Africa has lost it relevance, it is been compromised. At the end of the 1980s a special interest in analyzing government system arises in an attempt to study the working of the presidential and parliamentarian regimes in depth as well as the problem of their stability. These studies have brought about renewed interest in knowing more about them. The distinguished scholar Juan Linz made headway in this sense.

All characteristic the presidential system in the following analysis, an attempt was made to point out which the essential elements of the system were; those that truly correspond to it and what differentiate it from other forms of government. Therefore, for Lint, the representative characteristics of presidential system are

Dual democratic legitimacy, due to the fact that both the president and the congress are elected by the people. This characteristic is not impaired even when the president is appointed by an electoral college, the members of which are elected by the people for that sole purpose.
The rigidity of the system since both branches are elected for a predetermined term and the president’s performance in office does not depend on the will of the legislative branch, whose existence, in turn does not depends on the presidents will then obviously will have a compromise system of government.

The Rot in African Leadership
The leaders of African country withdrawing from the international criminal court (ICC) meant the lack of accountability on the part of African leaders. This is one of the biggest reasons for African’s continuous underdevelopment, failing states and civil wars.
In Africa, the protection of corrupt, murderous dictatorial leadership is often more sacrosanct than the right of ordinary citizens, the public interest and the country’s well-being. Thus African presidents, institutional managers and the likes exhibiting bad leadership style, like dictatorship, over use of discretional powers, breaching of the constitutions, covering of corrupt officials, interfering in independents bodies and the arms of governments among many others.

In fact, impunity is one of the main reasons for instability in Africa. There are seemingly no consequences for autocratic behavior of leaders in corruption or stoking ethic divisions to stay in power forever.
International criminal court (ICC), however offers ordinary Africans a real alternative to hold their leaders accountable and stop them from getting away with the most brutality acts of crimes.
It is an undisputable fact that, since independence from colonialism, the judiciaries in many African countries have been controlled, suppressed and manipulated by corrupted presidents, leaders and governing parties. Continental and regional African judicial tribunals, courts and commissions, such as the Africa court of justice and human right, are often dismissed, ignored and laughed off by leaders.

In fact, in 2010, Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe led a charge to suspend the SADC Tribunal, because it had ruled in 2007 and 2008 that the expropriation without compensation of white Zimbabwean farmer Mike Campbell’s land was illegal. Campbell had approached the regional tribunal because he was refused the right to approach Zimbabwe courts.

The SADC Tribunal was set up to ensure member states adhere to the regional blocks SADC treaty, which obliges members to act “in accordance with human rights, democracy and the rule of law”. However, in 2012, SADC leaders decided that citizens could not lay complain against their own governments. We equally see some of these acts in many African countries, where presidents’ ordered for the arrest of individuals who criticized their government.

Strengthen the African Presidential System of Governance

Allowing the systems to work. The laid down principles of presidential governance should be observed.
The presidents of Africa must allow the independent arms of governments to operate on their own.
The electoral commission
The judiciary thus the law courts must be allowed to operate
The legislature must function
Between October, 1787 and May 1788, Hamilton Madison and JAY published seventy-seven articles in three different newspapers to explain and defend the constitutions of U.S African leader must therefore also respect and defend the constitutions.
African leader for that matter the presidential system should trance back to the original Latin British presidential system and avoid the abuse of the constitutional instrument.
African presidential systems should be ruled with the original mission and vision at our independence.
African presidential system needs to be strengthening by obeying the clear laid out boundaries of the three arms of government.
Collaborative leadership style should be adopted by African presidential systems where leaders listened to their subordinates.
Africans should change our mentality.
African states should take sole responsibilities of sponsoring political parties
Political parties should avoid sponsorships from individuals
The African constitution should be strictly amended to clearly spell out the number of ministers of state and government appointees per government.
African citizens should avoid pushing government officials into corruption thus by demanding much from them in terms of funerals, weddings, naming ceremonies among many others.
In order for us to allow the African governmental systems to work, we need to clean the current African governmental systems, thus by making very clear road map of long term national policies where any government that comes to power will have to strickly follow that in a very economic way.

REFERENCES
Duverger, Maurice, Institutions, Politics Denech Constitutional, Barcelona, Ariel, 1962, P 319.

Linz, Juan J., “Presidential or Parliamentary Democracy: doesit Make a Difference”, inLint, Juan J. and Valenzuela, Arturo (Eds), the Failure of Presidential Democracy. Comparative Perspective, Baltimore, the John Hopkins University Perspectives Press, 1994, Val. 1, P6.

Lapalombora, Politics within Nations, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall 1974, Pp 198and 199.
Gandemet, Paul Marie, Le Pouvior Exéculit Duns Les Pay Accidentanx, Paris, Editions Montebrestien, 1966.P.16

This Statement Is Based On That of Loewenstern, Karl, Teoria dela Constitution, Barcelona, Ariel, 1965, Pp.105-107.

William Gumedc (2017), Restless Nation; Making Sense of Trouble Times.

http:www.merriam-webster.com.dem.

THE PERSISTENT FLOW OF POVERTY IN GHANA IS GETTING ANOMALOUS

I will first of all extend my utmost greetings to the good people of Ghana for the efforts that they've made in maintaining the peace and unity in the country despite wallowing in suicidal poverty. Indeed, the subject of poverty is one of the redundant topic that has been discussed in our media landscape but we woefully failed to overcome it in this noble country. As a patriotic citizen, my views are gathered based on my two decades experience and observation in Ghana.

Clearly, poverty is not razzmatazz in a way that will make it difficult for Ghanaians to adequately comprehend. And in fact, many scholars have defined poverty in their own perspectives or ideas, but it has come to the notice of mankind that poverty is a multifaceted concept. Wikipedia defined poverty as a complete lack of the means necessary to meet basic personal needs such as food, clothing and shelter.

It is undoubtedly that Ghana as a country has identified poverty for a long time so why can't we develop the idea of mitigating it if eradication cannot be possible.

Poverty is not a hidden canker in Ghana, it is a precarious challenge that continues to destruct the mental drive of people and developmental standards of the country as well. But before we can battle it out, we must identify it first and after the identification we will then label the measures that will put in place to minimise it.

In our case as a country, we have performed abysmal in the reduction of poverty whiles possessing the needed resources that can overshadow it ones and for all. In fact, it will be a huge mistake if we stick to the mere notion that " rich people will continue to be rich and the poor will continue to be poor". Although God hasn't created us to be in the same echelon but it doesn't disadvantage us from exploiting our cognitive faculty.

There are many opportunities in our doorsteps that we can utilise but we look far for different ones. Tony Blair once asserted in BBC discussion that "the cause of poverty is inequality of opportunity". In so saying, we shouldn't compare ourselves to others who have had themselves a better opportunities, whatever little opportunity you get in your hands should be appreciated and utilised more than the better one.

In fact, comparison as they say is never a panacea for success but when you have the self confidence then every opportunity will be there for you.

Believe me or not, if deep analysis is going to be considered Ghana will become top richest country in the world. In Ghana, we are very comfortable with a lot of things but we don’t know those habits are what’s keeping us poor. In reality, there are many things that Ghanaian citizens indulged in that put us in the book of poverty. Clearly, these points below are undoubtedly the main cause of abject poverty in Ghana.

(a) Lack of creativity

(b) Wasting Of Resources

(c) Wasting Time On Unnecessary Things

(d) Extravagant Lifestyle

(e) Lack Of Confidence

(f) No Value For Time

(g) Vision less

(h) Inability to save

(i) Disregard For Menial Jobs

(j) Selfishness

The aforementioned points played a major role in the cause of poverty in Ghana and these points shall be demystified to the readers in my next write up.

Today, People from all walks of life are running halter skelter just to ensure that basic necessities are being provided. With no hesitation, we must develop the alacrity to search for better opportunities and also keep it in our norms cord that Ghana is not an abode for poverty and we must all come with our individual and collective efforts to bring the existence of poverty to the lowest of the most low.

God bless Ghana and the good citizens!

Abu Hafiz
abuhafiz844@gmail.com